tun n : a large cask especially one holding a volume equivalent to 2 butts or 252 gals [also: tunning, tunned]
- Rhymes with: -ʌn
- A large cask; an oblong vessel bulging in the middle, like a pipe or puncheon, and girt with hoops; a wine cask.
- In the context of "brewing": A fermenting vat.
- An English measure of capacity for liquids, containing 252 wine
gallons; equal to two pipes.
- 1882: Again, by 28 Hen. VIII, cap. 14, it is re-enacted that the tun of wine should contain 252 gallons, a butt of Malmsey 126 gallons, a pipe 126 gallons, a tercian or puncheon 84 gallons, a hogshead 63 gallons, a tierce 41 gallons, a barrel 31.5 gallons, a rundlet 18.5 gallons. — James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, p. 205.
- A weight of 2,240 pounds.
- An indefinite large quantity.
- A drunkard; so called humorously, or in contempt.
- Any shell belonging to Dolium and allied genera; called also tun-shell.
EtymologyFrom the tuon, from the tuon, akin to the Old Saxon dôn; compare the Dutch doen.
- you (sg.)
Usage notesEnglish transcriptions of Chinese speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Chinese language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.
EtymologyFrom *tūna- ‘enclosure’. Cognate with Old Frisian tūn, Old Saxon tūn (Dutch tuin), Old High German zun (German Zaun), Old Norse tūn (Swedish tun).
- English town
- dōn "to place, put, set"
Tun may refer to:
antiquated British measurement of liquid volume, approximately
252 gallons or 954 litres
- A cask with a volume of one tun, especially of wine.
- An insulated vessel with a false bottom used in brewing, as in lauter tun or mash tun.
- A Malay title or honorific
- The Mayan word for unit of time in the Long Count calendar, equal to 360 days or 18 winal
- Tun (तुन), the Indian name for Toona ciliata wood
- TUN, a virtual network device driver
- An Anglo-Saxon and Old Norse word describing a homestead or settlement, from which the English word "town" evolved
- A drum used in the music of French Guiana
- Touro University Nevada
tun in German: TUN
tun in Esperanto: TUN
tun in French: TUN
tun in Italian: TUN